Learn how to protect and provide for these essential needs and you will overcome your biggest obstacles to survival.


Air:  You need breathable air within 3 minutes – or you will die.

Shelter:  Depending upon where live or where you are when a disaster event hits – you are going to need shelter to protect yourself and family from the environment and harsh elements.

Water:  You will need drinkable water within 3 days – or you are going to be in deep trouble.

Food:  You will need food with in 3 weeks – or you may no longer be around.

Fire / Light / Power:  These are the Energy Essentials.  These essentials range from a NEED to have – to NICE to have.

  • Fire:  To keep you warm, to allow you to cook, to purify water. etc.
  • Light:  Humans don’t see very well in the dark and having a source of light will give you a psychological edge, will help with your security issues, allows you to move around safely in the dark, will be critical if you need to help a family memeber with a medical emergency. and for many more reasons.
  • Power:  We are a power dependent society.  Cell phones, iPads, for communications, lighting, information gathering – you name it – you are going to need a means to recharge your portable electronic devices.

Medical:  Knowing basic First Aid and having the appropriate medical supplies will be critical during a disaster event.  You don’t know if medical services will be available, if you will be able to get where the medical services are available, or when these services will become available.

When I say you need to know basic First Aid – I mean basic First Aid.  I don’t mean sewing a person’s arm back on, doing a heart transplant, or offering Botox injections into a local movie stars lips.  What I do mean is that you should know how to handle and have the supplies for the most common types of injuries that will be present during a disaster event.

  • You should know how to control bleeding, clean a wound and apply dressing and a bandage.
  • Know how to splint a broken bone, strain or sprain.
  • How to treat a burn.
  • How to open an airway.
  • Treat for Shock, Hypothermia and Hypothermia.
  • Treat bites and stings.
  • How to prepare an injured person for transport to where the medical service is available.

Hygiene / Sanitation:  Poor sanitation and hygiene practices can turn your whole family into a bunch of very sick people very quickly.  Even one sick person in the group will divert the family’s attention away from surviving and recovering to caring for the sick person.  Keeping yourself clean and your area clean is one of your best defenses against the highly likely of various diseases spreading during and after a disaster event.

Communications:    Let it be monitoring news channels for what is going on locally, regionally, nationally and internationally, to keeping in touch with family and friends – you will need a working communication system.

Security:  Above and beyond the jerks whop will take advantage of you – just because they can, there will be many normal family people out there that will be very desperate for what you have.  Desperate people will do desperate things.  That’s just the way it is.  You need to take steps to protect yourself and family from these people.

Transportation & Navigation:  You need to have both the tools and the skills necessary to be able to move around and know how to get where you need to go.  You may need to evacuate, you may need to resupply, or you may even need to get to an area that is offering the services that you need.


This next section in the Practical Disaster Planning program will address all of these Essential Needs.

You will need them if you plan on “Sheltering-in-Place”, if you plan on “Bugging Out”, or even if you are just trying to make it home form work when a disaster strikes.

The skills and tools you need to protect and provide for all of these Essential Needs for Survival are important to have around even in normal day to day situations.

  • Who know if one of your kids fall down and gets a cut, or breaks a bone.  You need to know how to stabilize the individual and transport them to the emergency room to get fixed.
  • During your next family vacation, you will be able to impress your family when you pull out a map and a compass, and actually know how to use them.  You won’t need to stop for any stinking directions – you know where you are and where you are going.
  • These are skills and tools that can be used on an everyday basis.  And you should use them – as much as you can – because that is how you develop your skill sets and really know how to use the tools correctly.


So, lets start with the most important essential that is often overlooked during disaster events:  AIR.


Next: Breathable Air









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